Wade Hall moated site


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018332

Date first listed: 21-Jan-1999


Ordnance survey map of Wade Hall moated site
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Jan-2019 at 22:51:15.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Waveney (District Authority)

Parish: North Cove

National Grid Reference: TM 47233 90347


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Wade Hall moated site is unusual in plan and survives well, with the remains of a variety of original features. The moat, central platform and associated earthworks will contain archaeological information relating to the construction and occupation of the site during the medieval period, and evidence for the medieval manor house will survive below the ground surface. Organic materials, including evidence for the local environment in the past is also likely to be preserved in waterlogged deposits in the moat, and buried soils beneath the raised central platform may also retain evidence for earlier land use, predating the construction of the moat.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a moated manorial site located some 850m to the south of the River Waveney on the edge of the marshland bordering the river. The moat, which ranges in width between 15m and 20m, is water-filled on the north side and elsewhere, although partly silted, remains open to a depth of up to 2.5m and is seasonally wet. It surrounds an ovoid central platform with maximum dimensions of 65m east-west by 48m, raised up to 0.5m above the prevailing ground level and with the spread remains of an internal bank standing to a height of about 0.5m above this around the southern and eastern edge. On the western edge of the platform there is an earthen mound measuring approximately 13m in length north-south by 9m and standing to a height of up to 2m which may have supported a tower. A depression approximately 1m deep, which extends back from the inner edge of the moat on the south side is considered to be a later quarry pit, and immediately to the east of this the moat is crossed by a narrow earthen causeway which is probably not an original feature. A short outward projection from the moat on the north east side marks the opening of a former outlet channel. Fragments of medieval clay roof tile, including glazed ridge tile, observed on the surface of the interior provided evidence for the medieval manor house which once stood there, and fragments of pottery dated to the 13th century were found during cleaning of the northern part of the moat. Occupation of the moated site probably ended around the beginning of the 17th century, when the present Wade Hall, which stands immediately to the south of the moat was built. The present hall is not included in the schedulling.

The manor of Wathe or Wade Hall was held in the mid 12th century by Robert Watheby of Cumberland, in the 13th by the Jernegan family, and in the second quarter of the 16th century by William Rede.

Part of a shed which stands on the outer edge of the moat's west side and which extends within the area of protection, and fencing around the outer edge of the moat are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30550

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Suffolk: Volume I, (1911), 590

End of official listing