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Garden gateway at Tilstone Hall 130m south of Tilstone Hall Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Garden gateway at Tilstone Hall 130m south of Tilstone Hall Farm

List entry Number: 1018339


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Cheshire West and Chester

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Tilstone Fearnall

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Nov-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30367

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Many early houses had gardens associated with them. Examples are known from as far back in time as the Roman period. During the 16th century there was a surge in interest in garden design in order to emulate the achievements of late classical models known from Latin literature and to imitate examples reported from Italy and France. The forms of such gardens might include water management with ponds and canals, elaborate geometric plantings and ornamental walls with summerhouses, banqueting houses and gazebos. These garden buildings were designed to complement the architecture of the main house and open some of the functions of the house into the garden. In particular they were to provide a place for quiet recreation and contemplation for a gentleman and his friends. A banqueting house provided a place for elaborate dining in a situation which was closer to nature and away from the cares of running an estate. The gatehouse and banqueting house at Tilstone Hall survives well despite the loss of the roof and parts of the upper storey. The building still shows a wealth of the original detail and represents a fine example of a local mixture of classical and medieval proportion and style. It is one of two surviving examples in Cheshire, the other being at Gawsworth Hall.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the ruins of a two-storey gatehouse for a walled garden originally attached to Tilstone Hall. The house was built around AD 1600 by Thomas Wilbraham of Woodhey and, after damage during the Civil War, was pulled down in about AD 1740. The gatehouse is all that remains of this mansion and its garden. The gatehouse, which is listed Grade II, is built of red sandstone ashlar with some brickwork repairs to the structure and brick infilling of the window openings. On the south west front there is a central pedestrian archway with moulded springers and ovolo moulding to the arch voussoirs. This was flanked by mullioned widows with pediments over, now blocked with brickwork. The north east face is similar, with a central archway and blocked mullioned windows. One cabled Doric column survives on the right hand side of this doorway. Other columns are now missing. The building was probably intended to be used as a banqueting house in the upper storey and a retreat for the enjoyment of the garden. The post and wire fence to the south of the gateway is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Turner, R, Gawsworth Hall and Gardens, (1990), 7

National Grid Reference: SJ5726260822


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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018339 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Sep-2018 at 07:54:00.

End of official listing