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Bowl barrow 340m east of Holly Bush Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 340m east of Holly Bush Farm

List entry Number: 1018418

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Grittleton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Feb-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31642

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow east of Holly Bush Farm is well preserved and is a good example of its type. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Early medieval sources indicate the significance of this barrow some 3000 years after it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 340m east of Holly Bush Farm on a gentle south east facing slope to the east of the village of Grittleton. The mound is 30m across north west to south east and 27m from north east to south west. It is 0.7m high. A patch of stony ground is situated 1.5m north east of the top of the mound, consisting of large slabs of limestone, uncut but regular in form. This is likely to represent part of the barrow's original structure. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow is likely to be `Olde Burgh' or `Berwe' mentioned in a Saxon charter of AD 940 from King Eadmund granting lands around Grittleton to the thegne Wulfric.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grundy, G B, 'The Archaeological Journal' in The Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 76, (1919), 252

National Grid Reference: ST 88135 80417

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018418 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 02:17:45.

End of official listing