Bowl barrow 340m east of Holly Bush Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018418

Date first listed: 15-Feb-1999


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 340m east of Holly Bush Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Grittleton

National Grid Reference: ST 88135 80417


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow east of Holly Bush Farm is well preserved and is a good example of its type. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Early medieval sources indicate the significance of this barrow some 3000 years after it was built.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow located 340m east of Holly Bush Farm on a gentle south east facing slope to the east of the village of Grittleton. The mound is 30m across north west to south east and 27m from north east to south west. It is 0.7m high. A patch of stony ground is situated 1.5m north east of the top of the mound, consisting of large slabs of limestone, uncut but regular in form. This is likely to represent part of the barrow's original structure. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow is likely to be `Olde Burgh' or `Berwe' mentioned in a Saxon charter of AD 940 from King Eadmund granting lands around Grittleton to the thegne Wulfric.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31642

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Grundy, G B, 'The Archaeological Journal' in The Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 76, (1919), 252

End of official listing