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Medieval settlement immediately north west of Upper Littlecott Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval settlement immediately north west of Upper Littlecott Farm

List entry Number: 1018420

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Hilmarton

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Lyneham and Bradenstoke

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Feb-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31647

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have gradually evolved during the last 1500 years or more. The Upper Avon and Thames local region has mixed characteristics, with elements of both `village' and `woodland' landscapes. It is distinguished by substantial densities of villages and hamlets associated with moderate numbers of scattered farmsteads, giving a rather dense overall pattern, but the region still carried woodland in 1086, and the Braden and Chippenham Forests reflect this.

The medieval settlement at Upper Littlecott Farm is well preserved and is a good example of its class displaying particularly substantial and well defined features. The estate and settlement of Littlecott is well documented from the early medieval period onwards.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a medieval settlement located on the eastern side of a small river valley, cut into coral rag, 2.6km north west of the chalk scarp of the Marlborough Downs. The monument includes a hollow way up to 1.6m deep and 10m wide running south east-north west down the side of the valley for a length of 140m. It is flanked on either side by substantial house platforms, up to 2m high set into the hillside. At its lower end, the hollow way opens out where it meets another shorter section running south west-north east for 40m. To the north east, another shallower hollow way, 0.6m deep running parallel to the main street is interpreted as a back lane to the settlement. Land in Littlecott (then Lytla Coton) was included in a grant dated AD 962 of ten estates in Hilmarton by King Edgar to thegne Wulfmaer. The descent of ownership can be traced from 1242 until the present day. It was assessed for tax in 1334, for a sum of 26 shillings. The estate was granted to Bradenstoke Priory in 1448, and, after the Dissolution of the Monasteries, to William Button. By 1773 the settlement has shrunk to two farms, Upper and Lower Littlecott, as it remains today. All fence posts and cattle troughs are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Crittall, E, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume IX, (1970), 56-57

National Grid Reference: SU 03195 77108

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018420 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 05:22:02.

End of official listing