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Cross dyke 230m south west of Cherhill Monument

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cross dyke 230m south west of Cherhill Monument

List entry Number: 1018422

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Calne Without

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Feb-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31652

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

The cross dyke 230m south west of Cherhill Monument survives well and is a good example of its type. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built. This is one of a series of linear earthworks recorded on the downs west of Avebury.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a length of linear earthwork 230m south west of Cherhill Monument, on the north western scarp of the Marlborough Downs. The boundary earthwork survives for a length of 82m running north-south down a south facing slope ending at the top of a coombe. It includes a ditch up to 1.5m deep, flanked by a bank to the west up to 2m high. The entire structure is 16m wide and is interpreted as a Bronze Age cross dyke. Other linear boundaries and associated monuments in the vicinity are the subject of separate schedulings. All fence and gateposts as well as a metalled track within the ditch are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 04551 69246

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018422 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 01:27:43.

End of official listing