Three bowl barrows 160m south west of Hatt House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018433

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 160m south west of Hatt House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Box

National Grid Reference: ST 83327 67252

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The visible bowl barrow at Hatt House survives well. It is a large, clearly defined example of this type of monument. The two beneath the modern reservoir mound are likely to have been sealed with earth and to survive intact. There is no record of these barrows having been opened. All three will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three Bronze Age bowl barrows situated to the south of Hatt House on Oolitic limestone, south of the village of Box. The barrows are set below the crest of the north east facing slope of a steep river valley. Two of the barrows are buried beneath the spoil of a covered reservoir and are no longer visible. Previous records show that these are flat topped, 2.5m high and up to 8.5m in diameter. A third bowl barrow to the north east has a mound 20m in diameter and 2.5m high surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has been partially infilled over the years and survives as a low earthwork, 5m wide and up to 0.5m deep apart from on the north side where it survives as a buried feature. To the north west the ditch extends at a tangent to the barrow in a north easterly direction for 2m. There is a local tradition in Box that there are three kings buried in these barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31663

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine' in Archaeological Gazeteer, , Vol. 1, (1957), 161

End of official listing