Roman period native settlement 750m north west of Carey Burn Bridge


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018440

Date first listed: 15-Jan-1999


Ordnance survey map of Roman period native settlement 750m north west of Carey Burn Bridge
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Earle


National Grid Reference: NT 97075 25573


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

The Roman period native settlement 750m north west of Carey Burn Bridge is a well preserved example which will contain significant archaeological remains. It is set within a landscape consisting of many other archaeological sites whose remains are well preserved and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape. It will therefore contribute to the study of the wider settlement pattern and agricultural use during this period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a Roman period native settlement consisting of two or three house platforms with a large oval stock enclosure. The whole settlement measures 54m by 18m and has a track running through the centre of it in an east-west direction. The track respects the two original entrances into the main enclosure. It is cut into a south facing slope which is strewn with boulders and the remains of a circular feature 12m to the north which may be an additional house foundation. The main enclosure walls are 2m wide and consist of rough boulders. A possible entrance can be seen on the east side. The main house foundation is circular and is located on the northern edge of the main enclosure. It measures 6.5m in diameter internally with walls which have spread over a 3m wide area. The walls survive to a maximum height of 1.5m on the side which cuts into the slope and 0.5m high on the enclosure side. It is abutted by a smaller circular house foundation, which measures only 3m internally. Its small size suggests that it was not used for permanent human occupation, but possibly storage. Its entrance faces into the main enclosure. Another house foundation can be seen to the west of the main foundation. This measures 6m by 2m internally with walls to a maximum height of 0.8m. A stone platform faces into the enclosure.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31715

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing