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Three bowl barrows 160m north west of Venn Cottages forming part of a round barrow cemetery

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three bowl barrows 160m north west of Venn Cottages forming part of a round barrow cemetery

List entry Number: 1018514

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: East Putford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Nov-1928

Date of most recent amendment: 15-Feb-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30343

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three bowl barrows 160m north west of Venn Cottages form part of a well preserved and extensive round barrow cemetery in a prominent ridge top location. Archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed survives in and under these mounds.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows which lie 160m north west of Venn Cottages and are situated on a high upland ridge which overlooks the valley of a tributary to the River Torridge. These three barrows form part of a larger cemetery which lies along this ridge. The other clusters lie to the north, north east and north west and are the subject of separate schedulings. The easternmost barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 32.7m in diameter and stands up to 1.8m high. The surrounding ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the mound, is preserved mainly as a buried feature, although it may be traced on the northern side where it measures 4.4m wide and 0.1m deep. The central barrow survives as a 27.4m circular mound standing up to 1.8m high. The surrounding ditch is visible, especially on the east where it measures 4.7m wide and 0.1m deep. This ditch is partially cut on the southern side by a ditched field boundary. A central depression on the top of the mound may be the result of a partial early excavation or robbing. The westernmost barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 26.7m in diameter and up to 0.5m high. The surrounding quarry ditch is preserved as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31NE8, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31NE9, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by H. Gerrard, Gerrard, H., (1997)

National Grid Reference: SS 37976 17162, SS 38181 17222, SS 38293 17258

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 07:53:31.

End of official listing