Long house and enclosure 160m north of Widow's Tenement, Lundy


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018547

Date first listed: 10-Jun-1998


Ordnance survey map of Long house and enclosure 160m north of Widow's Tenement, Lundy
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Jan-2019 at 18:51:30.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SS 13579 47026


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

Farmsteads, normally occupied by only one or two families and comprising small groups of buildings with attached yards, gardens and enclosures, were a characteristic feature of the medieval rural landscape. They occur throughout the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent within the region. The small farmstead north of the medieval settlement known as the Widow's Tenement survives well and will contain evidence of the construction and living conditions within the dwelling. This is one of several of medieval farmhouses on the island which together provide insights into the capacity of a medieval population to survive in marginal conditions.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a long house and enclosure of medieval date 170m to the north of the enclosure boundary of the medieval settlement known as the Widow's Tenement. The long house comprises a low sub-rectangular bank running north east by south west with a rounded end on the north side and a raised area with a rounded end on the south side. It is enclosed in an oval stone walled enclosure orientated north east to south west. The house measures 8m by 4m internally with the bank 2m wide. The enclosure is 20m by 15m at the widest points. A hollow immediately to the east of the long house probably represents a small cairn which has been destroyed by excavation or quarried for stone. It is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27639

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing