Cairnfield in Slate Pits Wood, 170m north west of Oak Cottage


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018557

Date first listed: 10-Oct-1980

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Mar-1999


Ordnance survey map of Cairnfield in Slate Pits Wood, 170m north west of Oak Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Jan-2019 at 12:45:43.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Kirklees (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Meltham

National Grid Reference: SE 11902 10926


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture, and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots. However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC), although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the prehistoric period.

The cairnfield in Slate Pits Wood survives well and will retain important archaeological information. It is similar to two other cairnfields in woods in the Honley area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a cairnfield in Slate Pits Wood. The cairnfield consists of at least six cairns and a number of rubble banks. The grass-covered cairns are between 3m and 6m in diameter and are up to 0.5m high. The rubble banks are grass covered and are 2m-3m wide and typically 0.3m high. The banks are concentrated in the north west corner of the wood. One of the banks in this area is fragmentary and consists of a series of linear stone mounds.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31506

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Lunn, N, Slate Pits Wood Meltham, (1997)

End of official listing