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Blackpark medieval farmstead 140m south of Blackpark Lodge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Blackpark medieval farmstead 140m south of Blackpark Lodge

List entry Number: 1018595

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cropton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Jan-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 21-Jan-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30154

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have gradually evolved during the past 1500 years or more. This monument lies in the East Yorkshire sub-Province of the Central Province, an area characterised by marked local terrain variations: from the North York Moors, to the Tabular Hills and Howardian Hills, to the Vale of Pickering and the chalk Wolds, to the Hull Valley and the silt lands of the Humber and Holderness. The sub-Province has the relatively low density of dispersed settlements which marks the Central Province, but this uniformity masks strong settlement contrasts. Some regions were typified by low density dispersed settlement in the Middle Ages, whereas others have achieved a similar pattern through extensive depopulation of medieval villages. The North York Moors local region is an upland area given over to rough grazing, diversified by a succession of broad dales. Village settlements are almost wholly absent, and the region is generally characterised by low densities of dispersed farmsteads and other dwellings, with patches of higher density settlement where industrial activity has led to the rise of hamlets, some of medieval date. Along the sides of the dales are lines of long established farmsteads.

Farmsteads, normally occupied by one or two families and comprising small groups of buildings with attached yards, gardens and enclosures, were a characteristic feature of the medieval rural landscape. They occur throughout the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent in the area. They were the dominant settlement form in some areas of dispersed settlement; elsewhere they existed alongside more nucleated settlement patterns. The sites of many farmsteads have been occupied down to the present day, but others were abandoned for a number of reasons including declining economic viability, enclosure or emparkment, or epidemics like the Black Death. Farmsteads are a common and long-lived settlement type; the archaeological deposits on those which were abandoned are often well preserved and provide important information on regional and national settlement patterns and farming economies. Blackpark is a well preserved example of a medieval farmstead which would have been one of the typical components of the dispersed medieval settlement on the southern fringes of the North York Moors. Post holes and beam slots are expected to survive to provide evidence of the buildings within the monument. Buried deposits in rubbish and storage pits, together with archaeological deposits in the infill in the bottom of the ditches, will also provide valuable information about the life and economy of the site.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a medieval farmstead sited on top of a ridge between the River Seven to the west and a stream that runs into Cropton Beck to the east. The monument includes two adjoining embanked enclosures oriented NNE to SSW. The northern enclosure is roughly square measuring 58m east-west and 62m north south internally, surrounded by a bank up to 1m high with an external ditch typically 4m wide and up to 0.5m deep. The northern third of this enclosure is divided from the rest of the monument by a later field boundary and is in turn divided into two by a further boundary which at one time continued southwards splitting the monument into an eastern and western half. This boundary, which postdates the monument, can be traced as a slight bank running SSW. Extending southwards from the first enclosure there is a larger, rectangular enclosure measuring approximately 90m by 70m. This second enclosure is surrounded by a low bank 4m wide and a mainly infilled external ditch 3m to 4m wide. The southern part of the western side has a slight outward bulge. There is a causeway between the two enclosures just to the east of the centre line. To the east of this there is a second gap in the bank of the northern enclosure which marks the site of a small excavation conducted by Raymond Hayes in 1958. This excavation uncovered an irregular layer of stones that was interpreted as a rough paved surface on the inside of the northern enclosure. The interiors of both enclosures include a number of level areas and slight hollows which are believed to be the sites of medieval farm buildings and associated features. The additional earthwork features which lie in the narrow area between the eastern ditch and the edge of the field are also included in the scheduling. Excluded from the scheduling are the drystone wall and all modern fence posts and telegraph poles that cross the monument, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hayes, R H, 'Scarborough District Archaeological Society Journal' in Earthwork at Blackpark in the parish of Cropton, , Vol. V2, no12, (1969), 14-16

National Grid Reference: SE 75075 90636

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018595 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 04:17:17.

End of official listing