Two bowl barrows 350m south east of Baden Down Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018626

Date first listed: 21-Jan-1999


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 350m south east of Baden Down Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Enford

National Grid Reference: SU 17214 52032


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations they are a major historic element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrows 350m south east of Baden Down Farm are, despite some erosion, impressive examples of their class and are known from past excavations to contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two, almost identical, adjacent bowl barrows, aligned north west-south east, which lie immediately below the crest of a west facing spur. The southern barrow has a mound 25m in diameter and 2.75m high whilst the northern barrow has a mound 24m in diameter and 2.6m high. Although no surface indication of the ditch surrounding the mounds can be seen, it will survive as a buried feature 3m wide. Both barrow mounds exhibit an uneven profile in places and they have been described previously as twin bell barrows. An old fence line runs half way up the side of the mounds, however, and it is more likely that the change in profile is a result of previous cultivation. Both barrows were the subject of antiquarian investigation in the early 19th century. In 1806 William Cunnington found a primary cremation and a bone pin in the southern barrow and in 1811 Sir Richard Colt Hoare found ashes, flint flakes and animal bones in the northern barrow. All fence posts and archaeological site markers are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31190

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing