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Round barrow on Ryston Bank, 630m south west of Hanging Stone

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow on Ryston Bank, 630m south west of Hanging Stone

List entry Number: 1018661

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Redcar and Cleveland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Guisborough

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Nov-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32008

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the barrow 630m south west of Hanging Stone has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is one of a group of four burial monuments and such clusters provide important evidence for the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze Age. It is also situated within an area which includes other groups of burial monuments as well as field systems, enclosures and clearance cairns. Associated groups of monuments such as these offer important scope for the study of the distribution of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position at the top of a north west facing scarp slope on the edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earth and stone mound 14m in diameter and standing up to 1.5m high. It was originally surrounded by a kerb of stones which defined the barrow and supported the mound. However, over the years many of these stones have been taken away or buried by soil slipping off the mound, although some can just be seen on the surface at the north and south edges. In the centre of the mound there is a hollow caused by past excavations. The line of an early excavation trench can also be seen running in a westerly direction from the centre of the mound. A boundary stone, Grade II listed, is situated 2m from the southern edge of the mound, bearing the legend TKS1815 on its south east face. The barrow is one in a line of four spread along the top of Ryston Bank (the other three form the subject of separate schedulings) and lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further barrows, field systems and clearance cairns. The field boundary wall and fences which cross the mound, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Crawford, G M, Bronze Age Burial Mounds in Cleveland, (1980)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

National Grid Reference: NZ 58837 12911

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 07:58:54.

End of official listing