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Moated site immediately south east of St Nicholas's Church

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site immediately south east of St Nicholas's Church

List entry Number: 1018669

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Buckinghamshire

District: Aylesbury Vale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chearsley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Dec-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32109

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site immediately south east of St Nicholas's Church survives well. The island is largely undisturbed and will retain buried evidence for structures and other features relating to its construction and occupation. The buried silts in the base of the ditches will contain both artefacts relating to the period of occupation and environmental evidence for the appearance of the landscape in which the monument was constructed. Despite some infilling of the north and east arms of the moat in the 1980s and levelling of the north west corner in the early 19th century the features survive well.

Fishponds are artificially created pools of slow moving fresh water constructed for the purpose of cultivating, breeding and storing fish in order to provide a constant and sustainable food supply. The tradition of constructing and using fishponds began in the medieval period and reached a peak of popularity in the 12th century. They were largely the province of the wealthier sectors of medieval society, and are considered important as a source of information concerning the economy of various classes of medieval settlements and institutions. The fishpond adjacent to the moated site forms an integral part of the settlement and provides further evidence for its economy and status.

The monument lies in an area where moated sites are relatively numerous enabling chronological and social variations to be explored. The prominent location of the moat and its proximity to the parish church may be a reflection of the status of the owners in the medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site with associated fishpond. It is sited towards the south eastern end of the village of Chearsley on ground which slopes steeply to the east, approximately 200m to the west of the River Thame.

The moated site includes a roughly square island measuring approximately 78m in width. This is contained by a ditch, averaging 18m across and up to 4m deep, on the west and south sides. An outer bank, approximately 3m wide and thought to be the upcast from the ditch, is also visible on these two sides. The eastern side of the moat and the eastern end of the northern arm have been largely infilled although the ditch remains visible as a shallow depression. The north west corner of the moat was infilled in the 19th century and is no longer visible but will survive as a buried feature. Access to the island is thought to have been by bridge, and a shallow hollow, about 4m wide, on the west side of the island, is thought to mark the site of such a structure. An eastern extension to the southern arm of the ditch, which is believed to represent an outflow channel, continues for a distance of approximately 30m, disappearing about 5m to the south of, and parallel with, a shallow fishpond which measures approximately 34m long by 12m wide and is included in the scheduling.

The telegraph poles and fences within the area of the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Sheahan, J J, History and Topography of Buckinghamshire, (1861), 349
Other
Taken from O.S. record card, Moated Site South East of Chearsley Church,

National Grid Reference: SP 72122 10246

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018669 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 03:48:05.

End of official listing