Bowl barrow on Hut Hill, Knettishall Heath

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1018672
Date first listed:
29-Aug-1962
Date of most recent amendment:
04-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Hut Hill, Knettishall Heath
© Crown Copyright and database right 2020. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2020. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 29-Feb-2020 at 13:02:59.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Suffolk
District:
St. Edmundsbury (District Authority)
Parish:
Knettishall
National Grid Reference:
TL 95462 80239

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Hut Hill is a well preserved example and will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during that time will be preserved in the upstanding earthwork, in soils buried beneath the mound and in the fill of the partly buried ditch. The proximity of the barrow to a number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region, including the bowl barrow in Brickkiln Covert approximately 720m to the east, give it additional interest. Together these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on an isolated knoll known as Hut Hill on Knettishall Heath. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound, which stands to a height of about 0.5m and covers a roughly circular area with a maximum diameter of 32m. Encircling the mound is a ditch, from which the earth was quarried during the construction of the barrow; this has become mainly infilled, but is marked by a very slight hollow in the ground surface, approximately 4m wide and 0.3m deep, on the north and east sides.

The low wooden fence surrounding the barrow is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
31105
Legacy System:
RSM

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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