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Dewley Hill round barrow and associated features, 350m north west of Dewley Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Dewley Hill round barrow and associated features, 350m north west of Dewley Farm

List entry Number: 1018678

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Newcastle upon Tyne

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32048

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Dewley Hill is a well-preserved example of an exceptionally large round barrow which has provided evidence of Neolithic date. This makes it one of a small group of large round barrows of such early date. The area around the barrow has provided evidence of Mesolithic and Neolithic activity, and further evidence will be preserved. Remains in the field around the barrow no longer survive as earthwork features, but they remain clearly visible on aerial photographs and considerable information on their dating, exact nature and relationship to the barrow will be preserved.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the round barrow known as Dewley Hill, situated 350m north east of Dewley Farm, near Throckley. The mound and a series of cropmark features which surround the barrow, occupies a small rise above the Dewley Burn and is circular in plan and dome shaped in section. It is approximately 6m high and is 40m in diameter. The mound is of earth and stone construction. The top of the mound has a hollow marking the location of an unrecorded excavation in 1966. A Neolithic stone axe has been found in the mound. Flints of Mesolithic and Neolithic date have been found on and around the mound. Aerial photographs of the monument indicate that the barrow is surrounded by a number of cropmarks. These include a circular cropmark, interpreted as a bank and ditch immediately surrounding the barrow, a hut circle and a further enclosing feature, believed to be a boundary bank and ditch enclosing the raised ground around the barrow. Further circular cropmarks, interpreted as hut circles, are evident in the north west corner of the field. These surrounding features are also included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Dodds, M H, The Victoria History of the County of Northumberland, (1930), 13
Sockett, E W, 'Archaeologia Aeliana' in Stone Axe from Dewley Law, , Vol. 4, XLIX, (1971), 246
Other
Cambridge University Collection, Cropmarks, 1 Mile North Of Throckley, 1960, ACJ 62
SMR record no.185, Harbottle, B, Dewley Hill (or Law) near Throckley, (1995)

National Grid Reference: NZ 16029 68056

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018678 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 10:33:44.

End of official listing