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Medieval settlement remains 100m south east and 150m south west of Oldlands Farm, Tinsley Green

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval settlement remains 100m south east and 150m south west of Oldlands Farm, Tinsley Green

List entry Number: 1018681

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Crawley

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Aug-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31219

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided into sub-provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have gradually evolved during the last 1500 years or more.

The monument at Tinsley Green lies in the Western Weald region of the Weald sub-province, which is characterised by high densities of dispersed settlements giving a countryside of farmsteads and associated fields of medieval foundation, intermixed with cottages, medieval moated sites and hamlets bearing the names `green' and `dene'. Medieval dispersed settlements, comprising hamlets of up to five dwellings or isolated farmsteads, were scattered throughout the parish or township. Often occurring in more densely wooded, less intensively farmed areas, or associated with a centre of medieval industry, the form and status of dispersed settlements varied enormously. When they survive as earthworks, the most easily distinguishable features of dispersed settlements include roads and tracks, platforms on which stood houses and other buildings such as barns, and the enclosed fields or irregular field systems with which the dwellings were associated. These rural settlements can also be represented by below ground deposits. Higher status dwellings, such as moated residences or manorial complexes, may have well- defined boundaries and planned gardens. In the western and south eastern provinces of England, dispersed settlements were the most distinctive aspect of medieval life, and their archaeological remains are one of the most important sources of understanding about rural life in the five or more centuries following the Norman Conquest.

The medieval settlement remains 100m south east and 150m south west of Oldlands Farm at Tinsley Green represent the predominant, dispersed form of medieval rural settlement within the Western Weald sub-province. However, unusually, this settlement is partly deserted and it survives well in the form of earthworks and buried remains. Deserted and partly deserted medieval settlements with earthwork remains are very rare in this area.

The Tinsley Green settlement will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the nature and date of the settlement and its subsequent development and abandonment. Part excavation has shown that the remains illustrate the continuity between medieval and post-medieval settlement in this area of Sussex and its relationship with the nearby iron working centre at Forge Farm.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes the remains of part of a dispersed medieval settlement situated on the Upper Tunbridge Wells Clay to the north east of Crawley. It represents the original focus of Tinsley Green, known as Tyntesle in the medieval period, and survives in the form of earthworks and associated buried remains.

Part excavation in 1998 showed that this part of the settlement was occupied from the 12th century and continued in use into the 18th century. Finds recovered during the excavation included pottery and iron slag. The earthworks incorporate a roughly north east-south west aligned hollow way flanked by associated building platforms. These represent at least three homesteads which survive as roughly rectangular, north west-south east aligned earthworks, up to around 0.5m high. Further buried remains are likely to survive in the areas around the building platforms. To the south east are associated rectangular plots, visible on aerial photographs taken in 1969, which are included in the scheduling. Further buried remains of the dispersed medieval settlement may survive beyond the area of the scheduling, in the areas of early post-medieval building at Tinsley Green and to the north of Radford Road.

Modern development in the area of Forge Farm, and the construction of Little Radfords and cottages to the east and west of the monument, will have caused significant disturbance to any earlier buried remains, and these areas are therefore not included in the scheduling.

The concrete block, identified as a drain head, in the south eastern part of the monument, is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
CgMs Archaeology and Environmental Consultant, An Archaeological Desk Based Assessment, (1997)
CgMs Archaeology and Environmental Consultant, An Archaeological Walkover Survey, (1997)
CgMs Archaeology and Environmental Consultant, Report of a Preliminary Archaeological Evaluation..., 1998,
Meridian 3969 219-221, (1969)
Title: County Map of Sussex Source Date: 1795 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Rocque's Map of Surrey Source Date: 1768 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Tithe Map Source Date: 1842 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: TQ 28965 39523, TQ 29095 39584

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018681 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 07:43:05.

End of official listing