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Icehouse in Coniston Hall Park, 390m south east of Coniston Hall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Icehouse in Coniston Hall Park, 390m south east of Coniston Hall

List entry Number: 1018706

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Craven

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Coniston Cold

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Feb-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31346

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Icehouses are subterranean structures designed specifically to store ice, usually removed in winter from ponds and used in the summer for preserving food and cooling drinks. Thousands of icehouses have been built in England since the early 17th century. These were initially built only by the upper level of society, but by the end of the 18th century they were commonplace. They continued to be built throughout the 19th century, when huge examples were established by the fishing industry, as well as for use in towns. Icehouses only became obsolete after the introduction of domestic refrigerators in the early 20th century. Of the thousands originally built, some 1500 icehouses have been positively identified through a combination of archaeological and documentary research. Although a relatively common class, most recorded examples with surviving remains will be considered to be of national interest and appropriate for consideration for either scheduling or listing. They are also generally regarded as a significant component of local distinctiveness and character.

The icehouse at Coniston Hall is a large and well preserved example of this class of monument. It retains a wide range of internal features and fittings demonstrating the workings of the icehouse.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of an icehouse, located on gently sloping land on the south side of Coniston Lake. The icehouse was one of the features of the landscaped park of Coniston. Originally built by the Garforth family in the mid-19th century, it served to keep ice and house game. The icehouse is a brick built underground chamber reached by a stone and brick passageway. Entry is by stone steps down to a dressed stone doorway which leads on to a stone built passage. The passage extends for 3.5m to a second door set on a bend in the passage. Beyond this door, the passage is built of brick and extends for 2m to two small doorways 1.2m apart and 1.1m high, the last of which opens directly into the ice chamber. The height of the passage becomes gradually lower along its length. The ice chamber has a domed roof 3m in diameter and is 9m from apex to floor. The floor of the chamber is stone flagged. The passage emerges into the chamber approximately 6m above the floor. There is a drainage channel set in the floor of the chamber. On the left side of the passage, after the bend, is a stone shelf with a set of iron hooks above which were probably used to store game. Above the doorway into the ice chamber is an iron pole attached to the ceiling which was used in the loading of the icehouse. Also surviving are the heavy iron fittings surrounding the doors. The sequence of doors and diminishing dimensions of the passage added further insulation to the ice chamber. The bricks used to build the icehouse are thought to have been made by the Coniston Hall estate. The wooden barrier around the entrance is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Mrs Bannister, (1998)
OAU, EH Step Report, (1998)

National Grid Reference: SD 89563 55363

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018706 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 06:37:24.

End of official listing