Dovecote at Appleton-le-Street, 120m east of Whitefield Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- North Yorkshire
- Ryedale (District Authority)
- Appleton-le-Street with Easthorpe
- National Grid Reference:
- SE 73785 73567
Reasons for Designation
Dovecotes are specialised structures designed for the breeding and keeping of
doves as a source of food and as a symbol of high social status. Most
surviving examples were built in the period between the 14th and the 17th
centuries, although both earlier and later examples are documented. They were
generally freestanding structures, square or circular in plan and normally of
brick or stone, with nesting boxes built into the internal wall. They were
frequently sited at manor houses or monasteries. Whilst a relatively common
monument class (1500 examples are estimated to survive out of an original
population of c.25,000), most will be considered to be of national interest,
although the majority will be listed rather than scheduled. They are also
generally regarded as an important component of local distinctiveness and
The dovecote at Appleton-le-Street survives well. Although it was re-roofed in the 1990s and the building has been refurbished over the years it still retains original elements. Significant evidence of medieval building techniques and the social and economic role of dovecotes will be preserved.
The monument includes a late medieval dovecote standing in a field
120m east of Whitefield Farm. From structural evidence the dovecote is
believed to date to the 15th or 16th centuries and was part of the manorial
complex at Appleton-le-Street. The dovecote, which is Listed Grade II, is
almost square in plan, measuring 6.78m north to south by 6.6m east to west.
The building has gable ends and a steep tiled roof, the ridge being 8.6m
above ground level. It is built of small pieces of squared limestone rubble
laid in rough courses. There is a band of moulded stones, known as a string
course, extending around the building approximately 2.4m above the ground. On
the north and east facades are small holes (now blocked) which were used for
inserting scaffold poles during the erection of the building. There is a low
plank door on the north side and a square opening above the string course on
the two gable ends. Inside the dovecote the walls are lined with tiers of
nesting boxes with a 140mm wide alighting ledge on each tier. The side walls
have 13 tiers and the gable walls 21. With about 12 boxes per tier the
dovecote would have housed some 900 nesting boxes. The centre of the floor of
the building was packed clay whilst the foot of the walls was laid with
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Addyman, T, Peers, A, Survey of the Dovecote at Appleton-le-Street, North Yorkshire, (1994)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing