Southern Pind Howe round barrow on Danby Rigg, 700m east of Rock House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018744

Date first listed: 09-Jan-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Southern Pind Howe round barrow on Danby Rigg, 700m east of Rock House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Danby

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 70607 04214

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Southern Pind Howe round barrow is a good example of the type typically found on the North Yorkshire Moors. Excavations of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found. Shallow ditches and/or stone kerbs immediately encircling the mounds are also quite common, although rarely identifiable without excavation. The southern Pind Howe is therefore especially important.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial mound located on the south side of a plateau forming the summit of Danby Rigg. A second barrow, also called Pind Howe, lies on the north side of this plateau, 180m to the NNW. A third larger barrow known as Wolf Pit lies on a saddle across the Rigg, 650m to the south. These barrows are the subject of separate schedulings. The barrow is intervisible with both Wolf Pit and the northern Pind Howe, with the two Pind Howes sited on top of the north-south orientated ridge, marking the northern and southern sides of the summit of the rigg. The southern Pind Howe is not as high as its northern neighbour, standing to 0.5m, but is more complex and covers a larger area. It is 10m in diameter and incorporates a large upright stone 3m north west of the centre of the mound. This stone is at least 1m long and 0.4m thick and leans towards the centre of the mound standing 0.6m above the surviving top of the mound. On the western edge of the mound there are a pair of exposed kerb stones 0.5m to 0.8m across, with further concealed stones detected around the rest of the mound. Encircling the mound there is a largely infilled 3m wide ditch, defined on the outer margin by an intermittent kerbing of more stones, in a 9m radius circle around the centre of the mound. Three stones are exposed on the western side, with further stones covered by a thin layer of peat around the rest of the circuit.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30170

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing