Two bowl barrows in Plumley Wood, 1020m and 1060m south east of decoy pond, on Cranborne Common

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018757

Date first listed: 04-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows in Plumley Wood, 1020m and 1060m south east of decoy pond, on Cranborne Common
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Ellingham, Harbridge and Ibsley

National Grid Reference: SU 11122 09930, SU 11138 09888

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance by forest planting and wartime operations, the two bowl barrows in Plumley Wood, 1020m and 1060m south of decoy pond on Cranborne Common survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. These are two of a number of barrows surviving in this part of Ringwood Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes two bowl barrows aligned NNW-SSE and situated on a prominent ridge with panoramic views. The barrows were recorded by the Ordnance Survey in 1959. Each has a mound composed of sand, earth and turf, with maximum dimensions of 9m and 22m in diameter and about 0.5m and 1.2m in height, the larger mound is to the north. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. These have become infilled over the years, but both will survive as buried features. During 1940 a look-out post was constructed on one of the barrows and a Late Bronze Age urn was recovered. The urn was deposited at Christchurch Museum.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31910

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Mention LBA Bucket Urn found 1940, RCHME, National Monuments Record,
RCHME, National Monuments Record,

End of official listing