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Slight univallate hillfort on Swinhope Hill 430m north west of Glen Innes House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Slight univallate hillfort on Swinhope Hill 430m north west of Glen Innes House

List entry Number: 1018839

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Binbrook

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Jan-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29730

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh Marches, central and southern England. In view of the rarity of slight univallate hillforts and their importance in understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities, all examples which survive comparatively well and have potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance.

Although the hillfort on Swinhope Hill has been reduced by ploughing it is otherwise undisturbed. The fills of the buried ditches and other features will retain valuable archaeological deposits relating to the date of its construction, its period of use and its function. Organic material preserved in the same contexts will provide evidence of the diet and lifestyle of the hillfort's builders and may illustrate the nature of the landscape in which the monument was set.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of a slight univallate hillfort constructed during the Iron Age in a prominent position on Swinhope Hill. Situated 430m north west of Glen Innes House, above the steep sided valley of the Waithe Beck, the hillfort commands a clear view both of the valley and the river's natural crossing point at its head.

Although the hillfort is no longer visible on the ground, it can be seen from the air and has been recorded on aerial photographs since 1976. The photographs show a series of cropmarks (areas of enhanced crop growth resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the fills of the buried features) representing the infilled perimeter ditch of the hillfort itself together with an external enclosure abutting the north eastern side. This enclosure is also included in the scheduling.

The area of the hillfort is defined by a single roughly `D' shaped ditch measuring a maximum of 120m long by 90m wide overall. The upcast from this ditch would have been used to construct an internal bank which, reduced by ploughing, is no longer visible on the ground. On the eastern side the ditch turns inward to form a funnel shaped entrance. This is thought to have been the original access point to the enclosure. The funnel shape would have facilitated the driving of livestock into the enclosure and would have rendered potential raiders vulnerable to attack from both sides. To the north east the ditch is broken by a slight causeway. This may be a later adaptation intended to provide quicker access to the smaller, rectilinear enclosure which abuts this side. The enclosure, which is approximately 42m long by up to 35m wide, may have been a paddock or stock pen.

The aerial evidence indicates that, whilst the hillfort may have had various functions, including seasonal corralling of stock or acting as a temporary refuge, there may also be a period of more permanent occupation. This is suggested by cropmark features representing the remains of pits, possible internal divisions and at least one round house measuring some 10m in diameter.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
oblique monochrome print, Everson P, 2922/17, (1976)
oblique monochrome print, Everson P, PLE 2922/19, (1976)
oblique monochrome print, St Joseph J K, AGE 31, (1962)
oblique monochrome print, St Joseph J K, BYW 93, (1976)
oblique monochrome print, St Joseph J K, BZT 67, (1976)

National Grid Reference: TF 21085 94672

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018839 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 09:50:12.

End of official listing