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Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 290m north west of Lints Tor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 290m north west of Lints Tor

List entry Number: 1018910

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Feb-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28709

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement 290m north west of Lints Tor survives well and forms part of a group of at least three settlements situated within the upper reaches of the West Okement River. This monument lies beyond the normally accepted distribution of Dartmoor prehistoric settlements and will therefore provide a valuble insight into Bronze Age activity on the high moorland.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes a partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement, cairn and cache lying on a gentle west facing slope of Lints Tor overlooking the West Okement River. The settlement survives as a group of rubble banks forming at least four incomplete enclosures, in which a large number of stone hut circles are situated. The stone hut circles all survive as banks each surrounding circular or oval internal areas which vary from 2.4 square metres to 27.32 square metres, with the average being 14.09 square metres. The height of the surrounding walls varies between 0.25m and 0.7m, with the average being 0.49m. Seven of the huts have visible doorways, seven are butted by enclosure walling, one is attached to an enclosure and most of them are of rubble bank construction. The cairn lies on the western edge of the settlement and survives as a 7m diameter mound of stones standing up to 1.6m high. Cut into the top of this cairn is a cache or shelter with internal dimensions of 1.5m long by 1.3m wide and 0.7m high. This structure is roofed with a large single slab which extends from one side to the other.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1998)

National Grid Reference: SX 57677 87805, SX 57763 87729

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018910 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 04:38:41.

End of official listing