Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Walkhampton Common, 1000m north east of Leeden Tor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018927

Date first listed: 27-Sep-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jun-2000


Ordnance survey map of Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Walkhampton Common, 1000m north east of Leeden Tor
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 57056 72557, SX 57107 72464, SX 57136 72575


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Walkhampton Common, 1000m north east of Leeden Tor survives very well and contains important environmental and archaeological information. Unenclosed stone hut circles are relatively rare on the Moor and it is considered that many of them may represent particularly early examples which were abandoned at a time before enclosures were introduced.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on a gentle west facing slope overlooking the Yes Tor Brook. The settlement includes at least nine stone hut circles which survive as circular or oval banks each surrounding an internal area which varies from 5.3 sq m to 38.5 sq m, with the average being 19 sq m. The height of the surrounding walls varies between 0.3m and 0.9m, with the average being 0.58m. Three of the huts have visible doorways, one contains a partition and they are all of orthostatic or rubble bank construction.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28729

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 23
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE45, (1986)

End of official listing