Cross Hall moated site

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018936

Date first listed: 14-Mar-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cross Hall moated site
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: West Lancashire (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SD 42842 08198

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite drainage of much of the surrounding moat, Cross Hall moated site survives reasonably well. It is a good example of this class of monument and will retain buried remains of the original medieval building on the moated platform together with remains of a buried landsurface beneath the platform and outer bank.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthworks and buried remains of Cross Hall moated site. It is located to the east of Ormskirk, between a school playing field to the west and Cross Hall cow house and barn to the east, and commands extensive views to the north and east. The monument includes a sub-rectangular platform or island surrounded by what is now a largely dry moat. The island has been raised slightly above the level of the surrounding land using the upcast from the digging of the moat, and measures approximately 50m east-west by 30m north-south. Access to the island is via a causeway on the east side. The surrounding moat varies between about 10m to 30m in width and up to 1.5m deep, but only narrow drainage ditches on the south and west sides remain waterlogged. On the monument's north side there is an outer bank up to 10m wide and 1m high. Cross Hall was a residence of the Stanley family and although the date of construction of the original hall on the moated platform is unknown, this early building is considered to have been abandoned during the late 17th or early 18th century when a new Cross Hall was built immediately to the east of the moated site. This latter building has subsequently been demolished. All modern field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32847

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Letter to Robinson,K. MPPA, Fletcher, M, Cross Hall, (1999)
Site owner to Robinson,K. MPPA, Pilkington, I, Cross Hall, (1999)
SMR No. 9674, Lancs SMR, Cross Hall, Ormskirk, (1998)

End of official listing