Bowl barrow 440m north west of Ettiford

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019006

Date first listed: 21-Oct-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 440m north west of Ettiford
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Berrynarbor

National Grid Reference: SS 54256 44630

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in its height through cultivation, the bowl barrow 440m north west of Ettiford survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape. It is one of a dispersed group of barrows.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a prominent upland ridge overlooking the Sterridge Valley, and is one of a dispersed group recorded in this area. The monument survives as a circular mound which measures 28.9m in diameter and 0.9m high. The surrounding ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived is partially visible to the east, where it measures up to 4m wide and 0.1m deep, elsewhere it survives as a buried feature. The raised stone built field track which crosses the ditch on the northern side of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32212

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SW1, (1982)

End of official listing