The easternmost of a pair of bowl barrows 340m north east of Llanerch-y-coed


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019072

Date first listed: 06-Oct-2000


Ordnance survey map of The easternmost of a pair of bowl barrows 340m north east of Llanerch-y-coed
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Clifford

National Grid Reference: SO 27675 42884


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The easternmost of a pair of bowl barrows 340m north east of Llanerch-y-coed is a well preserved example of this class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method of construction and any phases of refurbishment, as well as for the burial or burials within it. This will enhance our understanding of both the technology and social organisation of its builders. The accumulated ditch fills will contain environmental evidence for activity at the barrow and land use around it during its construction and subsequent use. The buried ground surface beneath the barrow itself will similarly preserve environmental evidence for the prehistoric landscape in which the barrow was built. In its prominent position near the crest of a slope, the monument would have been a clearly visible landmark for the Bronze Age population of the area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a bowl barrow, just below the crest of a north-facing slope in a loop of the River Wye. The barrow lies between two streams which rise to either side of Llanerch-y-coed, draining into West Brook and eventually into the River Wye. The barrow has an earthen mound measuring about 12m north-south and 7m east-west. Due to its situation the mound is about 4m high on its north, downslope side, but merges into the hillside on its south. The east and west profiles of the mound stand to about 0.7m high. The soil forming the mound will have been quarried from a surrounding ditch about 3m wide, although this has become infilled over time and is no longer visible on the surface. There is a break in the slope, however, at the north edge of the barrow mound which would appear to coincide with the position of a ditch. A second barrow located 50m to the south west is the subject of a separate scheduling (SM27507).

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28871

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing