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Three round barrows 430m north east of Devichoys Barton

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three round barrows 430m north east of Devichoys Barton

List entry Number: 1019089

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Mylor

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Mar-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Mar-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32915

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three round barrows 430m north east of Devichoys Barton survive well. Despite evidence for limited truncation, excavation, and reduction by ploughing, the barrows remain substantially intact, as will most of their underlying old land surfaces and any surviving original deposits associated with the mounds and old land surfaces. Their location in a small ridge-top barrow cemetery illustrates the important role of topography in Bronze Age funerary activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three prehistoric round barrows, situated on a ridge between Devichoys and Carclew. The three barrows form a roughly linear group running NNE-SSW. The scheduling is divided into three separate areas of protection. The northernmost barrow in the group has a sub-circular earth and stone mound, truncated slightly on the south east side, approximately 13.2m across and 2.8m high. An east-west orientated hollow in the top of the mound, east of centre, 8m long, 2m-3m wide and 0.5m deep, is considered to be the result of an antiquarian excavation. A depression 3m wide and around 0.2m deep on the south side is considered to be the remains of a quarry ditch around the mound. The north west side of the mound has a modern ornamental revetment built to 0.7m above the ground level, of four rough courses of quartz stones, with large quartz grounders. This curves between modern boundary banks which meet the mound to the south west and north east. The revetment is included in the scheduling. The central barrow in the group has an earth and stone mound 25m in diameter and 1m high, with a smooth, rounded profile. Quartz stones are visible in the surface of the mound in several places. The southernmost barrow in the group has an earth and stone mound 20m in diameter and up to 2m high. A linear depression 3m wide and 0.3m deep running WSW-ENE across the mound near its centre is considered to be the result of an antiquarian excavation, and a raised area south of the depression is likely to have been formed from spoil from this excavation. A hollow 3m wide and 0.3m deep around the west side of the mound is considered to be the remains of an outer ditch. The barrows are associated with another to the west, beyond this scheduling, and together they form a small ridge-top barrow cemetery. This additional barrow is the subject of a separate scheduling. The modern surface of the approach road to the east of the northernmost barrow is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Polwhele, R, 'Lake's Parochial History of Cornwall' in Lake's Parochial History of Cornwall, , Vol. 3, (1867), 388
Other
Mercer, R, AM7, (1970)
Stoneham, S to Parkes, C, (1999)
Title: Mylor Tithe Apportionment Source Date: 1839 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1878 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1880 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1907 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SW 78134 37562, SW 78213 37736, SW 78296 37851

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019089 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 04:58:24.

End of official listing