Bowl barrow on Ashley Down Plantation, 1000m south west of Forest of Bere Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019127

Date first listed: 18-Jul-2000

Location Description: Bowl barrow on Ashley Down Plantation, 1000m south west of Forest of Bere Farm.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Ashley Down Plantation, 1000m south west of Forest of Bere Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Bowl barrow on Ashley Down Plantation, 1000m south west of Forest of Bere Farm.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Ashley

National Grid Reference: SU3942229165

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. The bowl barrow on Ashley Down Plantation, 1000m south west of Forest of Bere Farm survives well and, along with the other barrows, can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the environment in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow inconspicuously situated on the flank of a high chalk ridge which projects to the west from Farley Mount. It lies approximately 100m downslope from a false brow of the ridge, at the toe of a slight spur projecting to the north west. The bowl barrow forms part of a round barrow cemetery of probable Bronze Age date (2000-700 BC). Six additional barrows which also form part of the cemetery, situated 70m to the north west and 150m to the east, are the subject of separate schedulings. The bowl barrow includes a well defined circular mound, 22m in diameter and raised up to 2m on the downslope side, surrounded by traces of a shallow quarry ditch, 5m wide. The top of the barrow is flattened, indicating later excavation, and the surrounding ditch is partly infilled where it is clipped by a later hollow way and bank to the south west, and where it is crossed by modern fences to the north east. Buried remains associated with the original construction and use of the monument, however, including the original ground surface, ditch fills, burials, grave pits and grave goods, can be expected to survive. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34135

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing