Bowl barrow on Ashley Down Plantation, 1010m south west of Forest of Bere Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019128

Date first listed: 18-Jul-2000


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Ashley Down Plantation, 1010m south west of Forest of Bere Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Ashley

National Grid Reference: SU 39364 29207


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. The bowl barrow on Ashley Down Plantation, 1010m south west of Forest of Bere Farm survives well and, along with the other adjacent barrows, can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the environment in which it was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow inconspicuously situated on the flank of a high chalk ridge which projects to the west from Farley Mount. The bowl barrow lies 180m downslope from a false brow of the ridge, at the end of a slight spur projecting to the north west. It forms part of a round barrow cemetery of probable Bronze Age date (2000-700 BC). Six additional barrows which also form part of the cemetery, are situated 50m and 200m to the east and are the subject of separate schedulings. The bowl barrow includes a reasonably well defined circular mound, 18m in diameter and raised up to 1.7m on the downslope side, flanked to the south east by a surrounding quarry ditch, 6m wide. The top of the barrow is slightly hollowed, indicating later excavation, and it appears that spoil has been placed against the mound to the north east. The surrounding ditch has been partly infilled by the spoil and is slightly clipped by a later hollow way on that side, and has been partly infilled on the other side of the mound by a modern farm track which clips the barrow to the south west. Buried remains associated with the original construction and use of the monument, however, including the original ground surface, ditch fills, burials, grave pits and grave goods, can be expected to survive. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34136

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing