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The Stonehouse bastle, 240m north of Denton Foot

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The Stonehouse bastle, 240m north of Denton Foot

List entry Number: 1019210

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Carlisle

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Nether Denton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Jul-1978

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Jul-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32855

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bastles are small thick-walled farmhouses in which the living quarters are situated above a ground floor byre. The vast majority are simple rectangular buildings with the byre entrance typically placed in one gable end, an upper door in the side wall, small stoutly-barred windows and few architectural features or details. Some have stone barrel vaults to the basement but the majority had a first floor of heavy timber beams carrying stone slabs. The great majority of bastles are solitary rural buildings, although a few nucleated settlements with more than one bastle are also known. Most bastles were constructed between about 1575 and 1650, although earlier and later examples are also known. They were occupied by middle-rank farmers. Bastles are confined to the northern border counties of England, in Cumbria, Northumberland and Durham. The need for such strongly defended farmsteads can be related to the troubled social conditions of the later Middle Ages, which in these border areas lasted until (indeed after) the union of the English and Scottish Crowns in 1603. Less than 300 bastles are known to survive, of which a large number have been significantly modified by their continuing use as domestic or other buildings. All surviving bastles which retain significant original remains will normally be identified as nationally important.

The Stonehouse medieval bastle is one of a number of bastles located in northern Cumbria close to the Scottish border. As such it will contribute greatly to our knowledge and understanding of the wider border settlement and economy during the medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the upstanding and buried remains of a medieval bastle known as The Stonehouse located in an elevated position at the head of Pott's Cleugh, 240m north of Denton Foot. It is constructed of squared and coursed rubble and measures approximately 16.5m by 7.6m and, despite being roofless, largely survives to its original two-storey height. There are two entrances to the ground floor, one doorway in the south east wall and another in the south west wall. On the ground floor there are narrow windows in the south east, south west and the north west walls. The upper floor was the main living area and fragmentary remains of the principal fireplace which projected externally on corbels still survive on the south east wall; also along this wall are three windows. There is a single window in the south west wall adjacent to an area of partial collapse where a first floor doorway is thought to have been located. In the north west wall there is a window and a fireplace. The Stonehouse bastle is a Listed Building Grade II. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Ramm, H G , Shielings and Bastles, (1970), 77-8
Other
English Heritage, English Heritage: Register of Buildings at Risk. North West, 1999,

National Grid Reference: NY 57155 62631

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019210 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 09:35:58.

End of official listing