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Two cairns on the summit of Water Hill 450m north west of Warren House Inn

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two cairns on the summit of Water Hill 450m north west of Warren House Inn

List entry Number: 1019225

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chagford

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Feb-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28745

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite some damage as a result of interference to one of the mounds, the two cairns on the summit of Water Hill 450m north west of Warren House Inn survive comparatively well and contain both environmental and archaeological information about the construction and use of the mounds and the landscape in which they were built. The larger of the mounds is visually impressive and forms a notable and frequently visited landmark within this part of Devon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two round cairns aligned NNW-SSE and an historic shelter situated on the summit of Water Hill overlooking much of central Dartmoor. The southern flat-topped cairn measures 18m in diameter, stands up to 1.5m high and is surmounted by a 1.3m high modern stone pile. A large slab on the southern side of this pile may have originally been part of a cist. A slight rim around the summit of the mound may represent a buried kerb or the result of later interference. A 3m wide band of rushes adjacent to the north eastern side of the mound may indicate the presence of a ditch, which originally surrounded the cairn, and from which material was quarried during the construction of the mound. The northern mound lies 6.4m from the other cairn, stands up to 0.7m high and is 5.5m in diameter. The historic shelter is built into the north eastern side of the large southern cairn and survives as a 2m long by 1.6m wide rectangular three sided structure faced by drystone walling standing up to 0.45m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 36
Butler, J, 'Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities - The Second Millennium B.C.' in Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, , Vol. 5, (1997), 156
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE91, (1995)

National Grid Reference: SX 67154 81302

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019225 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 07:55:24.

End of official listing