Round cairn on Black Down 410m south west of Anthony Stile

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019226

Date first listed: 09-Feb-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn on Black Down 410m south west of Anthony Stile
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Okehampton Hamlets

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 58458 92338

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite partial excavation, the round cairn on Black Down 410m south west of Anthony Stile survives well and will contain important archaeological, structural and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built. The situation of this cairn on a steep slope is unusual.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated on Black Down on a narrow shelf on a steep east facing slope overlooking the valley of the Moor Brook. The cairn measures 8m in diameter and stands up to 0.8m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound represents the site of an early investigation. A further narrow trench cut next to the north western side of the mound is probably the result of historic military interference.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28749

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 215
Other
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, (1999)

End of official listing