Bowl barrow 420m east of Smythen Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Berry Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019259

Date first listed: 26-Nov-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Oct-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 420m east of Smythen Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Berry Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Berrynarbor

National Grid Reference: SS 56646 43888

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in its height through cultivation, the bowl barrow 420m east of Smythen Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Berry Down survives well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on an prominent upland ridge known as Berry Down overlooking the Sterridge Valley. It forms part of a round barrow cemetery, of which seven barrows survive in all. The other barrows within this cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings. The barrow survives as a circular mound 37.7m in diameter and 1.8m high. The surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived is preserved as a buried feature approximately 3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34248

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS54SE3, (1981)

End of official listing