This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Stone alignment and cairn 470m east of Stannon Brook source

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Stone alignment and cairn 470m east of Stannon Brook source

List entry Number: 1019265

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jan-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Jan-2001

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28760

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone alignments or stone rows consist of upright stones set in single file or in avenues of two or more parallel lines, up to several hundred metres in length. They are often physically linked to burial monuments, such as small cairns, cists and barrows, and are considered to have had an important ceremonial function. The Dartmoor alignments mostly date from the Late Neolithic period (c.2400-2000 BC). Some eighty examples, most of them on the outer Moor, provide over half the recorded national population. Due to their comparative rarity and longevity as a monument type, all surviving examples are considered nationally important, unless very badly damaged.

Despite partial excavation of the cairn, the stone alignment and cairn 470m east of Stannon Brook source survive comparatively well, the former representing a typical example of a double alignment. Archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was erected will survive.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a stone alignment and cairn situated on a gentle south facing slope overlooking the valley of the Stannon Brook. The cairn denotes the northern end of the alignment, measures 7.8m in diameter and stands up to 0.35m high. The edge of the mound is denoted by a rubble ridge which is most pronounced on the south western side. The stone alignment, which is of the double type leads south from the cairn for 167m and includes at least 46 stones of which 5 are now recumbent. The average height of all the stones is 0.16m and the distance between the two rows of stones varies between 0.9m and 1.5m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 167

National Grid Reference: SX 65406 81552

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019265 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 09:50:46.

End of official listing