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Three bowl barrows at Creacombe Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three bowl barrows at Creacombe Farm

List entry Number: 1019318

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Newton and Noss

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Yealmpton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Feb-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33755

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite their reduction by ploughing, the three barrows at Creacombe Farm still appear as visible earthworks which will retain information about their construction and use. Their surrounding ditches will contain stratified material and it is likely that their primary burials are undisturbed. Barrows the size of the eastern example are uncommon in Devon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three Late Neolithic to Bronze Age bowl barrows, in a broadly south west to north east alignment, sited on gently sloping ground to the north west of a small combe. The western mound is 42m in diameter by up to 0.5m high and is composed of orange sandy clay. An external ditch about 8m wide is barely perceptible on the ground, but is visible as a cropmark. A few pieces of worked flint were picked up on the surface of the mound. The central mound is 36m in diameter, by up to 0.6m high and composed of orange and grey sandy clay. No outer ditch is visible, though it will survive as a 2.5m wide buried feature. The barrow is cut by a hedgebank bounding a lane to its south. The eastern mound is 52m in diameter by up to 1m high and is composed of orange stony soil. Many pieces of worked flint of Neolithic or Early Bronze Age date were picked up on the mound. The quarry ditch survives as a buried feature 4m wide. The surfacing materials of the lanes alongside the central and eastern barrow are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45
Other
fieldwork by SMR, (1989)
MPP fieldwork by R Waterhouse, (1999)

National Grid Reference: SX 58824 49786, SX 58892 49865, SX 59059 49938

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019318 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 12:03:49.

End of official listing