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Two bowl barrows 380m and 410m south west of Allaleigh Cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 380m and 410m south west of Allaleigh Cross

List entry Number: 1019321

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cornworthy

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Feb-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33758

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite their reduction by ploughing, the two bowl barrows 380m and 410m south west of Allaleigh Cross are still visible mounds which will retain information about their construction and use. It is probable that their primary burials are undisturbed, while stratified deposits will be present in their surrounding ditches.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes two Late Neolithic to Bronze Age bowl barrows, on an east to west alignment along a broad ridge. The site is on a gentle slope with wide views to the south. The eastern mound is slightly oval, between 32m and 37.5m wide by up to 0.9m high. An encircling quarry ditch visible on the south and west sides is between 4m and 6m wide by 0.2m deep. The western mound is 44m in diameter by up to 0.4m high. No encircling ditch is visible, but this will survive as a buried feature. A hedge and farm track pass along the west side of the barrow, and the position of the ditch is visible as a change in the slope of the lane. Both barrows are composed of red-brown earth and small stones. The modern road surfaces are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 32

National Grid Reference: SX 81438 53483, SX 81528 53479

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019321 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 08:40:46.

End of official listing