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The Monk's Well conduit house 280m WNW of Monkton Farleigh Manor House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The Monk's Well conduit house 280m WNW of Monkton Farleigh Manor House

List entry Number: 1019385

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Monkton Farleigh

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Mar-2000

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Nov-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33529

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Well houses are medieval structures built to protect and supply water to institutions such as monasteries and abbeys. They are small, typically stone built structures placed over a spring or near several water sources. The water which was collected in a stone or lead tank was transported to its destination in lead pipes or gutters. The surrounding structure protected the tank from contamination. The Monk's Well conduit house at Monkton Farleigh is a well-preserved and complete example which has probably supplied water to the priory and manor house since the early 12th century. This example is notable for its unusually steep pitched roof of limestone slabs.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the Monk's Well, a 14th century conduit house which is situated on a limestone rise to the west of Monkton Farleigh Manor House. The building is 2.73m square, and built of local limestone. The roof is steep, constructed from limestone slabs reaching a height of 3m, and supported inside by four stone ribs. The wooden door is located in the east wall facing towards the manor house. Above the door there is a small slot window flanked on each side by a square window. The floor of the conduit house is some 0.5m below ground level. Water flows from a springline further up the slope along a conduit through the back wall and into a stone tank set into the ground. From here it drains into a pipe which runs to the manor which is still supplied from this source. The upper part of the building was rebuilt in 1784 and the name `Squire Turner' is carved into the front wall with this date. The Monk's Well, which is a Listed Building Grade II, was built to protect the water supply of the Cluniac priory at Monkton Farleigh which was founded soon after 1120 and dissolved in 1536. The remains of the priory are part of the current manor house which is protected as a Listed Building Grade I. The manor house and priory are not included in the scheduling. A free-standing water filter system inside the building is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Chettle, H F, Kirby, J L, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Monkton Farleigh, (1956), 262-268

National Grid Reference: ST 80362 65692

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019385 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 06:14:19.

End of official listing