Bowl barrow 85m north of Bishopstrow House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019507

Date first listed: 24-Jan-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 85m north of Bishopstrow House
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishopstrow

National Grid Reference: ST 89788 44392

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance, the bowl barrow 85m north of Bishopstrow House survives well. It is marked on a map of 1812 but there is no record that it has ever been excavated. It therefore has a high potential for the survival of archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the barrow's construction and use, and to the contemporary landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on a low lying terrace of Lower Chalk to the north of the River Wylye on the east side of Warminster. The mound of the barrow is 1.5m high, and 18m across from north to south and 17m from east to west. The profile of the barrow is irregular due to disturbance and the banking up of earth around the mound. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow is shown on a map of the archaeological sites around Warminster produced by the antiquarian Sir Richard Colt-Hoare in 1812. The long barrow 70m to the north west and a bowl barrow 90m to the south are subject of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34188

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Colt Hoare, R, The Ancient History of Wiltshire: Volume I, (1812), 51

End of official listing