Enclosure and stone hut circle 700m west of Sharpitor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019590

Date first listed: 19-Feb-2001


Ordnance survey map of Enclosure and stone hut circle 700m west of Sharpitor
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 55282 70303


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosure and stone hut circle 700m west of Sharpitor survive well and represent an important source of information relating to the occupation of this area during later prehistoric times. This settlement forms part of a well-preserved group of broadly contemporary sites which together illustrate the character of prehistoric activity on this side of the Moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes an enclosure and stone hut circle situated on a gentle west facing slope of Sharpitor overlooking the valley of the River Tamar. The enclosure survives as a 20m diameter circular area surrounded by a rubble bank measuring up to 4m wide and 0.8m high. The stone hut circle sits in the northern part of the enclosure and is butted by the enclosure wall. The interior of the stone hut circle measures 6m in diameter and is surrounded by a 1.4m wide double orthostatic wall standing up to 0.6m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34426

Legacy System: RSM


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE285, (1986)

End of official listing