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Moated site and cultivation remains 310m north west of Mossley Well Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and cultivation remains 310m north west of Mossley Well Farm

List entry Number: 1019651

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Whixall

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Mar-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33827

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site and cultivation remains 310m north west of Mossley Well Farm survive well, despite some later modification. The moated island will retain buried evidence of the buildings that once stood on the site, which together with the associated artefacts and organic remains will provide valuable evidence about the occupation and social status of the inhabitants of the site. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surface under the raised interior, and within the moat, will provide information about the changes to the local environment and the use of the land before and after the moated site was constructed. The relationship between the moated site and the cultivation remains demonstrates the nature of farming in the area after the moated site had ceased to be occupied.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated site and later ridge and furrow cultivation remains 370m north west of Mossley Well Farm. The moated site is situated on a gradual north west facing slope in an area of gently undulating land, about 200m south of the the edge of Whixall Moss. The moat is dry except for the south eastern arm. It defines a rectangular island approximately 25m south west-north east by 30m north west-south east. It would appear that the island was originally about 30sq m with all the moat arms between 8m and 12m wide. The north eastern arm appears to have been widened in modern times. Material excavated from the moat has been used to raise the surface of the island by up to 0.5m above the level of the surrounding land. The field in which the moated site is situated was once in arable cultivation and the remains of narrow post-medieval cultivation strips, aligned north west-south east, cross the moated site partially infilling and slightly altering the profile of the south western and north western moat arms. A 15m wide sample of this cultivation system to the north west and north east of the moated site has been included in the scheduling to preserve the relationship between it and the moated site. All fence and gate posts and the electricity poles are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Leah, M , The Wetlands of Shropshire and Staffordshire, (1998), 16-18

National Grid Reference: SJ 49935 35330

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019651 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 07:52:56.

End of official listing