Round barrow cemetery 440m west of Brickyard Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019712

Date first listed: 15-Nov-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Jul-2002

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow cemetery 440m west of Brickyard Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: LCPs of Fylingdales and Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 96626 01422

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age(c.2000-700 BC).They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows-rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials.Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time,often many centuries,and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite,plan and form,frequently including several different types of round barrow,occasionally associated with earlier long barrows.Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed.Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain,with a marked concentration in Wessex.In some cases,they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges.Often occupying prominent locations,they are a major historic element in the modern landscape,whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities.They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.The round barrow cemetery 440m west of Brickyard Cottage has survived well and significant information about the original form of the barrows,any burials placed within them and the relationship with other monuments in the area will be preserved.Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the mounds.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a round barrow cemetery and the area between the individual barrows in which unmarked burials and other archaeological remains may survive.The monument is located on level ground on the eastern side of Howdale Moor.This is the easternmost extent of the sandstone,heather covered moor characteristic of the North York Moors.Today the moor is little used but archaeological evidence indicates that this has not always been the case.The prehistoric period in particular saw extensive agricultural use of the area.It was also used for burials and activities associated with the carving of patterns on exposed rock.Remains of these activities survive today.The cemetery includes at least eight barrows and occupies an area approximately 150m by 140m.The barrows have an earth and stone mound measuring up to 6m in diameter and up to 0.5m in height.Each barrow mound is surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has been filled in and is no longer visible as an earthwork.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34393

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of North East Yorkshire, (1997), 1-38

End of official listing