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Medieval moated site 110m north west of Grange Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval moated site 110m north west of Grange Farm

List entry Number: 1019735

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Bratton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Sep-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33530

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite encroachment from the south, the medieval moated site 110m north west of Grange Farm is a well-defined example that survives in excellent condition. Within the area defined by the moat, archaeological remains will survive providing an insight into the use of the site, while the moat itself will contain environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site situated on low-lying Head deposits on the north western edge of Bratton, a springline village built beneath the northern scarp of Salisbury Plain. The area enclosed by the moat is square, measuring 22m across, flat-topped and rises 0.8m above the surrounding area. The sides of this island slope steeply into the moat which is 1.3m deep and between 5m and 8m wide. The moat is lined with clay in order to hold water but it is now dry. Surrounding the moat is a low bank up to 1m high and 2m wide. To the south east the boundary wall of a house plot has been built over the bank. This wall is not included in the scheduling. To the east the bank supports a hedge bank adjacent to the road. To the west the moat has been partially infilled with stone to protect it from a track which crosses at this point, but it survives as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Roy Cahnam, Moated Site, NW of Bratton, (1981)

National Grid Reference: ST 90998 52726

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019735 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 07:56:45.

End of official listing