Round barrow 360m north east of Brooklands Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019797

Date first listed: 21-Nov-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Oct-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 360m north east of Brooklands Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Harwood Dale

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 96948 96369

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow 360m north east of Brooklands Farm has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound and within the buried ditch. The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric burial monuments. The association with similar monuments provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which occupies a prominent position at the top of a natural rise towards the eastern edge of the North York Moors. It is situated on a deposit of glacial sands and gravels which overlies the Middle Jurassic sandstone. The barrow has an earthen mound which stands 0.8m high and measures up to 32m in diameter. Ploughing has spread the mound and completely truncated the extreme western edge. Originally the mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide, but this has become filled in over the years by soil slipping from the mound and it is no longer visible. The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments, including further barrows as well as field systems and clearance cairns. A field boundary consisting of an old hedge line between two parallel fences runs across the western edge of the monument in a north east to south west direction. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34570

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Charlesworth, D, AM7, (1962)
Title: 2nd Edition 25" Ordnance Survey sheet 62/10 Source Date: 1928 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Forestry Commission Areas North York Moors Archaeological Survey Source Date: 1992 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing