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Moated site at Seven Elms Green, 210m south west of Erratts Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site at Seven Elms Green, 210m south west of Erratts Farm

List entry Number: 1019817

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: St. Edmundsbury

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cowlinge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-May-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33303

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 210m south west of Erratts Farm survives well. The island remains undisturbed by post-medieval and modern activity and will retain buried evidence for structures and other features relating to the development and character of the site throughout the periods of occupation. The buried silts in the base of the moat will contain artefacts relating to its occupation. Organic material, including evidence for the local environment in the past, is also likely to be preserved in waterlogged deposits in the moat. Comparisons between this site and other examples, both locally and more widely will provide valuable insights into the development and the nature of settlement in medieval England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site 210m south west of Erratts Farm. The moated site includes a roughly square island measuring an average of 24m across. This is enclosed by a partially waterfilled moat, measuring up to 12m wide and at least 2m in depth. The remains of inlet and outlet channels extend from the southern corner and the south west and north east arms of the moat and are linked to drainage ditches. An outer bank, approximately 6m wide by 1m high and thought to be constructed from material dug from the moat, is visible along the north eastern arm. The causeway across the south western arm of the moat was in use in 1846. The moated site is marked on the 1846 Tithe map as `Moat Plantation'. The fence along the north east side of the moated site is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Title: Cowlinge Tithe Map Source Date: 1846 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SRO(Bury):T74/1,2

National Grid Reference: TL 71529 54954

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019817 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 07:32:04.

End of official listing