Cairnfield 400m north of Threestoneburn House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019921

Date first listed: 31-Oct-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Jul-2001


Ordnance survey map of Cairnfield 400m north of Threestoneburn House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Jan-2019 at 10:39:05.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Ilderton


National Grid Reference: NT 97460 20815


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture, and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots. However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC), although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the prehistoric period.

The cairnfield 400m north of Threestoneburn House is reasonably well-preserved and will retain archaeological deposits relating to their construction and use. The monument additionally will contain evidence within, beneath and between the cairns relating to agricultural and funerary practices. It will therefore contribute to any study of prehistoric land use and burial practice in this area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a cairnfield of Bronze Age date, situated on gently sloping ground above the Threestone Burn. Before modern afforestation, the situation afforded extensive views in all directions. The cairnfield is visible as the remains of at least 12 round cairns of stone and earth construction. The cairns range in size from 2.5m to 7m in diameter and stand to a maximum height of 1m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31750

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing