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Round cairn on the summit of Heddon Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn on the summit of Heddon Hill

List entry Number: 1019932

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Ilderton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Aug-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34232

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the round cairn on the summit of Heddon Hill has had a triangulation point built on it, the extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive well. It will provide evidence of burials and will contribute to our knowledge of funerary practice and ritual activity during the Bronze Age. The structure of the covering cairn will reveal details of the manner of its construction, and the retrieval of pottery and stone or metal implements from the cairn and the ground surface beneath it will indicate the duration of its use. Evidence relating to the wider Bronze Age environment is also likely to survive in the form of pollen grains. The importance of this cairn is enhanced by its intervisibility with other cairns on nearby hills as well as by the survival of other well-preserved archaeological sites on Heddon Hill.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date situated on the summit of Heddon Hill with a panoramic view. The cairn is intervisible with others on Dod Hill to the west. The round cairn, which has been partly disturbed by the construction of an Ordnance Survey triangulation point in its north east sector, is built of loosely packed stone and earth and has a kerb around its edge. It measures 4m in diameter and stands to a maximum height of 0.2m. The round cairn is one of a group of prehistoric sites on Heddon Hill which are the subject of separate schedulings. The triangulation point is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
NU 02 SW 129,

National Grid Reference: NU 00415 20300

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019932 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 08:29:25.

End of official listing