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Bowl barrow 1080m north east of Worsted Lodge Farm, part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery in Charterhouse Plantation

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 1080m north east of Worsted Lodge Farm, part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery in Charterhouse Plantation

List entry Number: 1019989

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: South Cambridgeshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Balsham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Dec-1982

Date of most recent amendment: 09-May-2001

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33353

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 1080m north east of Worsted Lodge Farm, part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery in Charterhouse Plantation, survives as a substantial earthwork with associated buried features. It is exceptionally well-preserved and forms part of an extensive area of burial mounds scattered upon the chalk uplands of north Hertfordshire and south Cambridgeshire. This barrow is one of the most visible indicators of prehistoric activity in the region and therefore a focus for the study of prehistoric society. As the barrow has not been excavated most archaeological deposits will survive intact.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 1080m north east of Worsted Lodge Farm on the east side of the Newmarket to London road (A11). The mound of this barrow survives as a prominent earthwork with a diameter of 20m and a height of 1.4m. The ditch, from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound, has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature, of which the north eastern part is visible on aerial photographs. The ditch is believed to be 3m wide. The barrow is situated in an area of great archaeological activity near the course of the prehistoric Icknield Way, over which the Romans later built a road. The course of the Roman road is now followed by the A11. The barrow is part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery in Charterhouse Plantation. Although most barrows in this cemetery are known from documentary evidence only, 300m to the north west, lies a cluster of four bowl barrows which survive as earthworks and are the subject of a separate scheduling (SM33344). All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TL 53802 52554

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 04:13:14.

End of official listing