- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2019 at 14:33:53.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Mid Devon (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SS 93719 18127
Reasons for Designation
Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes,
generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and
defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively
small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth -
fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to
their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have
generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places
of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a
rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access
to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple
gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation
indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate
features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few
examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large
storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and
square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often
represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight
univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally.
Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of
the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is
relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the
Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within
the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh
Marches, central and southern England. In view of the rarity of slight
univallate hillforts and their importance in understanding the transition
between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities, all examples which survive
comparatively well and have potential for the recovery of further
archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance.
Despite reduction in the heights of the ramparts and slight disturbance to the interior through cultivation, Castle Close hillfort survives well and will contain archaeological information relating to its construction and use as well as environmental evidence concerning the local area at the time of the hillfort's occupation.
This monument includes a slight univallate hillfort situated on a prominent
hill overlooking the valleys of two separate tributaries to the River Lowman
with commanding and widespread views in all directions across the surrounding
The monument survives as a sub-circular enclosure defined by a single rampart,
integrated into the existing field pattern and surrounded by an outer ditch.
The enclosed area measures approximately 170m in diameter and is surrounded by
a rampart which measures up to 2.4m high externally and 1.1m high internally,
being slightly higher to the north. The rampart shows signs of having been
revetted with stone walling in several places to effect repairs. Two gateways
have been cut through the rampart to facilitate access, one on the north east
side and a second to the south.
The original entrance lies on the western side where two banks define an
inturned entrance, which is most impressive on the northern side, measuring up
to 1.2m high. The entrance itself has been blocked. The surrounding ditch is
basically preserved as a buried feature up to 5m wide and mainly observed as a
flat area surrounding the rampart. The field boundaries which form the rampart
are included within the scheduling.
The stock proof fencing around the rampart, and the gateposts are excluded
from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS91NW3, (1998)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing