Three bowl barrows 350m south east of Sandymoor Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020076

Date first listed: 26-Feb-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Mar-2002


Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 350m south east of Sandymoor Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: Ashwater

National Grid Reference: SX 37716 98478, SX 37848 98575, SX 37942 98704


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three barrows 350m south east of Sandymoor Cross, which form part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery, survive comparatively well and will contain both archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the surrounding landscape. All three barrows are bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow with over 10,000 recorded nationally. They were constructed of earthen or rubble mounds covering single or multiple burials.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument, which includes three bowl barrows in three separate areas of protection, is located on a high upland ridge overlooking the valleys of tributaries to Henford Water. The three barrow mounds vary in diameter between 31.2m and 9.6m, and in height between 0.8m and 0.6m. They are arranged in a linear grouping which lies on a north east to south west alignment. Each barrow mound is surrounded by a quarry ditch from which material was derived during its construction. These ditches are no longer visible but survive as approximately 3m wide buried features. Five other barrows which make up the cemetery lie to the north east and south east and are the subject of separate schedulings. The central barrow of the group has been partially cut by a ditched hedge bank and the road. The southernmost barrow has also been partly cut by field boundaries to the south and west. The field boundaries which cross these barrows, together with stock proof fences, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34265

Legacy System: RSM


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX39NE6, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX39NE7, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX39NE8, (1983)

End of official listing